About 10% per cent of people in Sri Lanka are known to suffer from mental disorders that require clinical intervention. Nearly 70% of patients seen in hospitals or clinics are diagnosed with psychosis or mood disorders. Among the most common conditions seen in clinical practice are psychosis, mood disorders, dementia, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, substance abuse, stress disorders, and adjustment disorders. Psychiatric practice tends to be based on the biomedical approach and relies mainly on the use of drugs and other medical therapy. Patients who need or seek other treatments are referred to non-medical mental health professionals. An estimated 70,000 Sri Lankans suffer from schizophrenia. Dementia is on the increase. Rates of suicide has gone up.